How to treat a febrile convulsion

If this is an emergency, please call 000 immediately.

What is a febrile convulsion?

A rapid rise in body temperature can cause convulsions. This occurs most often in children aged 6 months to 5 years.

A febrile seizure is a fit or convulsion caused by a sudden change in your child's body temperature, and is usually associated with a fever.

This guide is regularly updated and aligns with the current edition of Australian First Aid (4th edition, 7/2011)

Signs and Symptoms


  • Fever
  • Muscle stiffening
  • Twitching or jerking of face or limbs
  • Eyes rolling upwards
  • Blue lips, face, earlobes, fingernails
  • Loss of consciousness


What to do

During the convulsion

Place the child on their side for safety.



DO NOT restrain the child.


DO NOT cool the child by sponging or bathing, but do remove excess clothing.


After the convulsion



Remove excess clothing or wrappings.


Seek medical aid.



Febrile convulsions fact sheet

CPR on an infant wallet card

Related advice

Recovery position

The recovery position is one of those important pieces of first aid information that everyone should know, so we’ve created a quick and simple guide to the recovery position here.

CPR on an infant

If an infant is unresponsive and not breathing normally, you need to call 000 for emergency help and start CPR straight away. Learn what to do.

Choking infant

If an infant is choking, you should immediately call 000. Our fact sheet details the steps you can take to assist a choking infant.

Courses that teach this skill

✮ Most Popular Course

Provide First Aid

For both those in workplaces and members of the public who would like a comprehensive first aid course.

1 day face-to-face, Assessment Only, and our 100% online options available.

✮ Popular Course


For those wanting to learn CPR, maintain their competence, or refresh their existing skills.

2 hour face-to-face plus pre-learning, Assessment Only and our 100% online course options available.
✮ Popular Course

Occupational First Aid

For those in high-risk work environments, high-risk remote locations, or undertaking high-risk work activities such as operating heavy machinery.
3.5 and 4.5 day face-to-face with
pre-learning, and our Assessment Only course options available.

Equipment used